There is the old media and new media also known as monologic media and dialogic media. According to Emerich (2011) “monologic media are those through which a single range of meaning is expressed.” These media is about a certain organization or small group of people create a message to be broadcast out to the masses. It helps to raise awareness, increases knowledge, predominant in mass media, promote attitude and behaviour change and it is only one way communication (Tufte & Mefalopulos 2009). While dialogic are “two or more actors engaging each other as equal.” This allows and encourages both sides to not only speak but also listen to each other to have a mutual sense of compassion. The dialogic help assess, probe and analyse issues and present conflicts, heavy use of interpersonal method, uses to promote participants and it is always two way. (Tufte & Mefalopulos 2009)
Image Source: http://www.prlog.org/11593579-socialmediaicons.png
We know there is an uprising conflict in the Eastern Arab country. But the reason for the uprising was cause by a small conflict, so how the whole Arab nation could know? The social media plays the biggest role in this conflict. “As a consequence of this astounding phenomenon involving both the rapid emergence of this cutting-edge technology and its adoption, social media have become an integral part of the contemporary classroom, of advertising and public relations industries, of political campaigning, and of numerous other aspects of our daily existing.” (Noor Al-Deen 2011) People have become dependent on social media to get information around the world.
We could look into the recent case happening, like the Arab Spring also known as the Arab Awakening. The Image above shows the first protest happen in Tunis. It happens on 17th December 2010 when a police took away Mohammed Bruazizi vegetable seller in the North Africa nation of Tunisia for not having a legal license. The next day he lights himself up on fire, killing him in front of the government building and that started the Arab Spring. According to an article about The Arab Spring (n.d.) the factors that is necessary for a revolution is:
- A very corrupt or weak government
- Unhappy wealthy and military classes of people
- A desire for change supported by most, if not all of the country’s different political and popular groups and then acted upon by those groups.
- The international community does not support the government being challenged.
The government at that time did everything to stop the revolution by doing web blocking, stealing password to block the internet and also erasing Facebook groups. But no matter how much they try, the out roar of protest already reaches too many people around the Eastern Arab. And finally President Ben Ali steps down less than a month after the protest started. While on the other hand in Egypt, the case of Saeed was being killed in Jun 6, 2010, he was arrested and killed by two policemen after he uploaded videos on the internet showing police officers torturing prisoners. He did it with a good deed, in showing the citizens the truth behind the police bars and his death become a symbol of police brutality and also started the 25 January revolution. (Mena 2012) According to an article by NewsRx Health and Science (n.d.) “During the week before Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak’s resignation, for example, the total rate of tweets from Egypt and around the world about political change in that country ballooned from 2, 300 a day to 230,000 a day.” This shows how people can gain information faster than other media could.
The social media has become a high purchase and consume by many around the world. The reason for people uses social media in this century is also because the technology we have. We are armed with phone cameras, and also wireless network around us. Incidents are posted up regularly and news also transfers faster than the old media. People uses social media for the interaction between people, it allows people to speak and state their mind and also listen and understand the others opinion in situation and things. “Social networks have broken the psychological barrier of fear by helping many to connect and share information. It has given most people in the Arab world the knowledge that they are not alone, that there are others experiencing just as much brutality, just as much hardships, just as much lack of justice.” (Kassim 2012)
But again there is always a good and a bad to everything. With all the uprising of the Arab nation, many say is the effect of social media in transferring the news from one to another. By looking into matters in this current day, even though the Presidents steps down after the protest did the country changed? We are still seeing wars around them, fighting within the government and people. We can look into the recent war between Palestine and Israel; they are using social media sending threat to one another. How can social media be the helped of citizens? Indeed social media gives the people a state of mind being able to voice out, but is there improvement after protesting? Or are they just more chance for them to act while and kill.
Protesting is for freedom and peace, giving people a voice to speak. But with social media giving out news and information not all act peacefully. People miss us the concept and turn it to violence. Like the video above shows the Libya protest, when the social media Youtube and Facebook shows the video of a US made film insulting their prophet. Up to you to think, do social media play a good role in protesting for peace and harmony, freedom of speech? Or does it give people chance to act violently towards people they hate?
‘The Arab Spring’ n.d., United Nations Security Council, accessed 28/10/2012, http://msmunatunagb.wikispaces.com/file/view/Arab+Spring+Topic+Guide.pdf
‘University of Washington: New study quantities use of social media in Arab Spring’ 2011, NeosRx Health & Science, accessed 28/10/2012, http://ey9ff7jb6l.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info%3Aofi%2Fenc%3AUTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/summon.serialssolutions.com&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=New+study+quantifies+use+of+social+media+in+Arab+Spring&rft.jtitle=NewsRx+Health+%26+Science&rft.date=2011-10-02&rft.issn=1944-2599&rft.spage=658&rft.externalDocID=NewsRx_Health_Science_2011_10_02_658_University_of_Washington_New_study_quantifies_use_of_social_media_in_Arab_Spring
Emerich, M 2011, Media, Spiritualistic and Social Change, Continuum International Publishing Group, New York, accessed 28/10/2012, http://books.google.com.my/books?id=bUuNCx9D0VIC&pg=PA64&dq=monologic+media+and+dialogic+media&hl=en&sa=X&ei=AbmkUPWDDqa4iQfkqYDYBw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=monologic%20media%20and%20dialogic%20media&f=false
Kassim, S 2012, ‘Twitter Revolution: How the Arab Spring Was Helped By Social Media’, policymic, accessed 28/10/2012, http://www.policymic.com/articles/10642/twitter-revolution-how-the-arab-spring-was-helped-by-social-media
Mena 2012, ‘Court to rule on appeal of Khaled Saeed torturers in December’, Egypt Independence, accessed 28/10/2012, http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/court-rule-appeal-khaled-saeed-torturers-december
Noor Al-Deen, HS 2011, Social Media: Usage and Impact, Lexington Books, United Kingdom, accessed 28/10/2012, http://books.google.com.my/books?id=MDQDaw9F2AwC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false
Tufte, T & Mefalopulos, P 2009, Participating Communication: A Practical Guide, World Bank Publications, United State of America, accessed 28/10/2012, http://books.google.com.my/books?id=Aoo109Ure0AC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false